COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Overexpression of survivin mRNA is associated with a favorable prognosis following neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy in esophageal cancer

Ute Warnecke-Eberz, Shuichi Hokita, Huan Xi, Hiroshi Higashi, Stephan E Baldus, Ralf Metzger, Jan Brabender, Elfriede Bollschweiler, Rolf P Mueller, Hans P Dienes, Arnulf H Hoelscher, Paul M Schneider
Oncology Reports 2005, 13 (6): 1241-6
15870949
Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) gene family known to be involved in resistance to chemo- and radiation therapy. We examined the potential of quantitative survivin mRNA expression to predict histopathologic tumor response and prognosis following neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy (cis-platinum, 5-FU, 36 Gy) in patients with locally-advanced esophageal cancer (cT2-4, Nx, M0). Tumor (T) and normal tissue (N) samples from 51 patients were collected by endoscopic biopsy prior to treatment. Survivin mRNA expression was analyzed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR assays. Histomorphologic regression was defined as a major response when resected specimens contained <10% of residual vital tumor cells or if a pathologically complete response was achieved. Some 7/51 patients had progressive disease and 44/51 proceeded to surgical resection. Of 44 resected tumors, 17 (31.4%) showed a major and 27 (61.4%) showed a minor histopathologic response; the survival rates were significantly different (p<0.01). Median absolute survivin expression was 5.1 in the tumor and 2.4 in corresponding normal tissue samples (Wilcoxon, p<0.001). Median relative (T/N ratio) survivin mRNA expression was 1.7. Survivin mRNA expression levels did not show a significant association with histomorphologic regression. Relative survivin mRNA expression of a T/N ratio >1 indicated a favorable prognosis (log-rank, p<0.003). Expression levels of survivin mRNA in pretherapeutic biopsies did not predict the extent of histomorphologic tumor regression following preoperative radiochemotherapy for esophageal cancer. However, overexpression of survivin mRNA in pretreatment biopsies (T/N ratio >1) was associated with superior survival probabilities.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15870949
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"