Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and AP-1 pathways are involved in reactive oxygen species-induced urokinase plasminogen activator receptor expression in human gastric cancer cells

Mi H Kim, Hyung S Cho, Min Jung, Min H Hong, Sam K Lee, Boo A Shin, Bong W Ahn, Young D Jung
International Journal of Oncology 2005, 26 (6): 1669-74
Overexpression of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is known to correlate closely with tumor cell invasion and metastasis. In gastric cancer, however, the mechanism for induction of uPAR remains to be elucidated. In this study, to investigate the effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on uPAR expression and the underlying signal pathways in human gastric cancer AGS cells, phenazine methosulfate (PMS) and H2O2 were used as ROS generator. PMS and H2O2 induced the uPAR expression in time- and concentration-dependent manner. PMS and H2O2 also induced the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Erk)-1/2. A specific inhibitor of MEK-1 (PD980590) was found to suppress the PMS-induced uPAR expression and the uPAR promoter activity. Expression of vectors encoding a mutated-type MEK-1 resulted in decreases in the uPAR promoter activity. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that PMS increased time-dependently the DNA binding activity of AP-1. Transient transfection studies using AP-1 decoy confirmed that the activation of AP-1 is involved in PMS-induced uPAR upregulation. The AGS cells pretreated with PMS showed a remarkably enhanced invasiveness and this effect was partially abrogated by uPAR neutralizing antibodies. The above results suggest that ROS induces uPAR expression via Erk-1/2 and AP-1 signaling pathways and, in turn, stimulates the cell invasiveness in human gastric cancer AGS cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"