JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Transfusion related acute lung injury: a pediatric perspective

Rosa Sanchez, Pearl Toy
Pediatric Blood & Cancer 2005, 45 (3): 248-55
15852432
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the leading cause of transfusion-associated mortality. TRALI occurs in children and adults, but the syndrome has not been reviewed from a pediatric perspective. We reviewed the literature on TRALI from a pediatric perspective. TRALI has been documented in pediatric patients, especially in the setting of hematologic malignancy. Additional TRALI cases have been reported in pediatric patients with a variety of diagnoses. TRALI is likely to be much more common than previously appreciated in the pediatric patient population. TRALI should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all pediatric patients who develop new acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) during or within six hours of a blood product transfusion. When a case of TRALI is suspected, a transfusion reaction report to the blood bank is important to initiate the investigation and identify the implicated donor.

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