JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Neurodevelopmental (fragile X syndrome) and neurodegenerative (tremor/ataxia syndrome) disorders associated to the 'growth' of a gene]

I Castro-Volio, P Cuenca-Berger
Revista de Neurologia 2005 April 1, 40 (7): 431-7
15849678

AIM: To present the latest findings on fragile X syndrome, the first genetic disorder identified to be caused by a new type of mutation called trinucleotide repeat expansion.

DEVELOPMENT: Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of inherited mental retardation, is caused by hyperexpansion and hypermethylation of a CGG repeat tract in the FMR1 gene. In the first section we will discuss the various aspects of the gene mutation and the gene product, its phenotypic consequences in mutation carriers, diagnostic methodology, epidemiology, prevention, treatment and situation in Costa Rica. The second section deals with the recent findings in relation to the very recently described fragile X premutation tremor/ataxia syndrome, a neurodegenerative disorder affecting carriers of the mutation.

CONCLUSIONS: Screening for the gene premutation in aged individuals who have tremor and balance problems is important, especially when accompanied by other signs such as parkinsonism, short term memory loss and dementia. Family genetic counselling can help those affected as well as future generations which may inherit fragile X syndrome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15849678
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"