Production of 8-demethylgeldanamycin and 4,5-epoxy-8-demethylgeldanamycin from a recombinant strain of Streptomyces hygroscopicus

Greg O Buchanan, Rika Regentin, Misty Piagentini, Andreas Rascher, Robert McDaniel, Jorge L Galazzo, Peter J Licari
Journal of Natural Products 2005, 68 (4): 607-10
Two new geldanamycin derivatives produced by genetic engineering of Streptomyces hygroscopicus strain K309-27-1 were isolated and characterized. Removal of the 8-methyl group of geldanamycin was achieved by replacing the AT4 domain of the polyketide synthase with a malonyl AT domain. The resulting strain produced 8-demethyl geldanamycin (2) and 4,5-epoxy-8-demethylgeldanamycin (3). The structures of both molecules were elucidated through interpretation of 1D and 2D NMR data as well as comparison with authentic geldanamycin derivatives. Compounds 2 and 3 displayed moderate cytotoxicity against the human breast cancer cell line SK-BR-3.

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