Effects of aluminum on light energy utilization and photoprotective systems in citrus leaves

Li-Song Chen, Yi-Ping Qi, Xing-Hui Liu
Annals of Botany 2005, 96 (1): 35-41

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Under high photon flux, excitation energy may be in excess in aluminum (Al)-treated leaves, which use a smaller fraction of the absorbed light in electron transport due to decreased CO2 assimilation compared with normal leaves. The objectives of this study were to test the hypothesis that the antioxidant systems are up-regulated in Al-treated citrus leaves and correlate with protection from photoxidative damage, and to test whether xanthophyll cycle-dependent thermal energy dissipation is involved in dissipating excess excitation energy. *

METHODS: 'Cleopatra' tangerine seedlings were fertilized and irrigated daily for 8 weeks with quarter-strength Hoagland's nutrient solution containing Al at a concentration of 0 or 2 mM from Al2(SO4)3.18H2O. Thereafter, leaf absorptance, chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence, Al, pigments, antioxidant enzymes and metabolites were measured on fully expanded leaves. *

KEY RESULTS: Compared with control leaves, energy was in excess in Al-treated leaves, which had smaller thermal energy dissipation, indicated by non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). In contrast, conversion of violaxanthin (V) to antheraxanthin (A) and zeaxanthin (Z) at midday increased in both treatments, but especially in Al-treated leaves, although A + Z accounted for less 40 % of the total xanthophyll cycle pool in them. Activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDAR), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), glutathione reductase (GR) and catalase (CAT), and concentrations of ascorbate (AsA), dehydroascorbate (DASA), reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) were higher in Al-treated than in control leaves. *

CONCLUSIONS: These results corroborate the hypothesis that, compared with control leaves, antioxidant systems are up-regulated in Al-treated citrus leaves and protect from photoxidative damage, whereas thermal energy dissipation was decreased. Thus, antioxidant systems are more important than thermal energy dissipation in dissipating excess excitation energy in Al-treated citrus leaves.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"