Radioguided occult lesion localisation (ROLL) is available in the UK for impalpable breast lesions

Riccardo A Audisio, Rana Nadeem, Olga Harris, Sean Desmond, Rani Thind, Leena S Chagla
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 2005, 87 (2): 92-5

INTRODUCTION: To test the feasibility and reliability of ROLL in a district general hospital (DGH) dealing with screening detected breast lesions.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: [(99m) Tc]-labelled colloidal human serum albumin was injected in the core of the breast lesion under ultrasound or stereotactic guidance 2-4 h prior to surgery. At operation, the radioactivity is localised using a gamma-probe. This allows optimal placement of the skin incision and subsequent WLE of the abnormal area.

RESULTS: ROLL was utilised on 36 patients (median age, 61 years; range, 43-75 years); of these, 33 B5 lesions had a therapeutic one-step procedure (lumpectomy and axillary dissection) and 3 B4 patients had the lesion excised for diagnostic purposes. Localisation lasted a median of 8 min (range, 5-15 min), ROLL-guided wide tumour excision lasted 20 min (range, 15-30 min), and median postoperative hospital stay was 2 days (range, 1-3 days). Median cancer diameter was 12 mm (range, 6-40 mm). Margins were clear in 29 patients, while 7 patients with DCIS had involved margins. Median minimal clearance was 5 mm (range, < 1-10 mm). Patients had either excellent (24/36) or good (12/36) cosmetic results.

CONCLUSIONS: ROLL successfully localised all lesions; this technique can be implemented in any DGH with a Nuclear Medicine Department. The learning curve is short, cost effectiveness is proven, and cosmetic results are highly rewarding. ROLL could rapidly become the standard localisation technique in the UK.

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