Proteomics of breast cancer: enhanced expression of cytokeratin19 in human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 positive breast tumors

Dao-Hai Zhang, Lee Kian Tai, Lee Lee Wong, Sunil K Sethi, Evelyn S C Koay
Proteomics 2005, 5 (7): 1797-805
The human epidermal growth factor receptor, type 2 (HER-2/neu or c-erbB-2) is a 185 kDa transmembrane protein that is phosphorylated upon ligand binding and dimerization with members of the HER/c-erbB family and regulates cell growth and differentiation. Its overexpression is strongly associated with advanced disease, metastasis and poor clinical outcome. To better understand the mechanisms underlying the poor prognosis of breast tumors with HER-2/neu-positive status, parallel proteomic analyses were performed on estrogen receptor-negative and node-positive breast tumors with or without overexpression of the HER-2/neu oncogene, using laser capture microdissection and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The differentially expressed proteins were identified by peptide mass fingerprinting using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Cytokeratin 19 (CK19), one of the identified proteins, was highly expressed in the HER-2/neu-positive breast tumors when compared with HER-2/neu-negative breast tumors. The enhanced overexpression of CK19 in HER-2/neu-positive tumors was further analyzed using semiquantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting and reverse-phase protein arrays. Immunohistochemical staining of sections from a breast tumor tissue microarray of 97 tumors showed moderate to strong staining against anti-CK19 antibody in 20 (5 with moderate and 15 with strong staining) of the 26 HER-2/neu-positive tumors (76.9%) and in 22 (12 with moderate and 10 with strong staining) of 52 HER-2/neu-negative tumors (48%) (p = 0.002). Our results indicate that CK19, an intermediate fragment of the cytoskeleton, and other proteins showing differential expression, are likely to be intricately involved in intra- and intercellular molecular events driving the more aggressive tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis associated with HER-2/neu-positive tumors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"