Impact of three courses of intensified CHOP prior to high-dose sequential therapy followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation as first-line treatment in poor-risk, aggressive non-hodgkin's lymphoma: comparative analysis of Dutch-Belgian Hemato-Oncology Cooperative Group Studies 27 and 40

Gustaaf W van Imhoff, Bronno van der Holt, Marius A Mackenzie, Mars B Van't Veer, Pierre W Wijermans, Gerrit J Ossenkoppele, Harry C Schouten, Pieter Sonneveld, Monique M C Steijaert, Philip M Kluin, Hanneke C Kluin-Nelemans, Leo F Verdonck
Journal of Clinical Oncology 2005 June 1, 23 (16): 3793-801

PURPOSE: Timing, appropriate amount, and composition of treatment before high-dose therapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with poor-risk, aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) are still unknown. We conducted two consecutive multicenter phase II trials with up-front, high-dose, sequential chemotherapy and ASCT in poor-risk, aggressive NHL. Both trials had identical inclusion criteria and only differed in amount and duration of induction treatment before ASCT.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1994 and 2001, 147 newly diagnosed, poor-risk, aggressive NHL patients, age < or = 65 years with stage III to IV and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) more than 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN), entered the Dutch-Belgian Hemato-Oncology Cooperative Group (HOVON) -27 and HOVON-40 trials. Treatment in HOVON-27 consisted of two up-front, high-dose induction courses followed by carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan plus ASCT in responding patients. In HOVON-40, the same treatment was preceded by three intensified courses of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP).

RESULTS: Patient characteristics in both trials were comparable: 80% had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 77% had stage IV disease, and median LDH levels were 3.1x ULN. Complete remission (CR) in both trials was 45% to 51%. Before ASCT, CR was 14% in HOVON-27 versus 28% in HOVON-40 (P = .03). Treatment failure was similar (27%). Four-year survival estimates in HOVON-27 compared with HOVON-40 were overall survival, 21% v 50% (P = .007); event-free survival, 15% v 49% (P = .0001); and disease-free survival, 34% v 74% (P = .008). This different outcome favoring HOVON-40 remained highly significant when correcting for competing risk factors in multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSION: In patients with poor-risk, aggressive NHL, addition of intensified CHOP before up-front, high-dose, sequential therapy and ASCT significantly improved the duration of response and survival.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"