Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Primary hyperparathyroidism in pediatric patients.

Pediatrics 2005 April
OBJECTIVE: Primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is unusual in children. We reviewed our experience with HPT to better characterize these children.

METHODS: The retrospective review of patients <19 years old who underwent parathyroid resection for primary HPT from 1970 to 2000 was performed at a single institution..

RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were identified. Median age was 16.8 years (range: 4-18.9) with a female-to-male ratio of 3:2. Eighty-five percent had an elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) level, and 15% had an inappropriately normal PTH level during hypercalcemia. Serum calcium was elevated in all patients except for 2 with multiple endocrine neoplasma (MEN)-IIA and 1 with familial non-MEN HPT, but both had elevated PTH levels. Alkaline phosphatase levels were significantly higher in children with documented bone involvement. At presentation 41 patients (79%) were symptomatic and end-organ damage (nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, acute pancreatitis, or bone involvement) occurred in 23 patients (44%). Thirty-four patients (65%) had a single adenoma; hyperplasia was identified in 16 patients (27%), and of these cases, 57% occurred in patients diagnosed with MEN-I. Short-term complications included transient hypocalcemia in 29 patients (56%) and transient vocal cord paralysis in 2 patients (4%). Long-term complications were significant for permanent hypocalcemia in 2 patients (4%) and no recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries. No parathyroid abnormalities were identified during exploration in 4 (8%) children. Long-term follow-up was achieved in 98% of patients for a mean and median of 13 years. Resolution of hypercalcemia was achieved in 94% of cases.

CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of primary HPT in pediatric patients is frequently delayed, is commonly symptomatic, and has significant morbidity. For children in whom HPT is suspected, evaluation of serum calcium and PTH levels is diagnostic in 100% of children. Parathyroid resection is effective at restoring normal serum calcium, has few complications, and is the treatment of choice for children with primary hyperparathyroidism.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app