Beta-endorphin ameliorates synovial cell hyperfunction in the collagen-induced arthritis rat model by specific downregulation of NF-kappa B activity

Hongen Yin, Fengchun Zhang, Mengxue Yu, Hong Cheng, Jiayou Lin, Yang Gao, Bing Han, Liping Zhu
Neuroendocrinology 2005, 81 (1): 10-8

OBJECTIVES: To observe the multiple immunoregulating effects of beta-endorphin (beta-END) on synovium cells of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats and to determine whether the regulation involves the transcriptional factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signal pathway.

METHODS: CIA was induced in female Wistar rats by immunization with native bovine type-II collagen emulsified with complete Freund's adjuvant. Synovial cells in the knees of the CIA rats were cultivated, and the effects of beta-END, beta-END receptor inhibitor (naloxone, Nal) in proliferation and apoptosis of the synovial cells were assayed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, flow cytometry, and DNA integrity, respectively. The effects of beta-END and Nal on mRNA expression of several cytokines in the synovial cells, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6, regulated upon activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 were estimated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Effects of beta-END and Nal on NF-kappaB activity were analyzed using luciferase gene reporter assays. The effects of beta-END and Nal on p65NF-kappaB expression of the synovial cells were examined using Western blot.

RESULTS: 75% of the rats were demonstrated to have established the CIA model successfully. beta-END was shown to exert multiple effects on synovial cells of CIA rats including decreased proliferation, induced apoptosis, and downregulation of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, RANTES, iNOS, MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA expression. beta-END seemed to play an immunoregulating role by downregulating the activity and expression of NF-kappaB. It was found that the beta-END receptor blockage could counteract all the effects.

CONCLUSIONS: beta-END ameliorates synovial cell functions of CIA rats through binding with receptors and downregulating the NF-kappaB signal pathway. This suggests that beta-END, by blocking the activity and expression of NF-kappaB, is a potential anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic agent against CIA.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"