JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

AMP-activated protein kinase and the metabolic syndrome

L G D Fryer, D Carling
Biochemical Society Transactions 2005, 33: 362-6
15787607
The occurrence of Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes and obesity and their associated morbidities continue to increase and they are rapidly reaching epidemic proportions. AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) was initially thought of as an intracellular 'fuel gauge' responding to a decrease in the level of ATP by increasing energy production and decreasing energy utilization. Recent studies have shown that AMPK plays a role in controlling the whole body energy homoeostasis, including the regulation of plasma glucose levels, fatty acid oxidation and glycogen metabolism. In addition to its effects on the periphery, AMPK has been found to play a key role in the control of food intake through its regulation by hormones, including leptin, within the hypothalamus. The control of AMPK activity, therefore, provides an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in metabolic disorders such as obesity and Type II diabetes. Indeed, a number of physiological and pharmacological factors that are beneficial in these disorders have been shown to act, at least in part, through the activation of AMPK.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15787607
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"