[Role of procalcitonin in the differentiation and surveillance of systemic inflammatory response syndrome]

Xiao-li Liu, Bin Du, Jia-qi Pan, Ying Xu, Bao-lai Hua
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 2005, 27 (1): 48-52

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the discrimination of serum procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) between patients with sepsis and non-infectious inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and the prediction power of clinical outcome.

METHODS: A perspective study was performed in 27 patients with sepsis and 30 patients with non-infectious SIRS. The serum concentrations of PCT, IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell count, percentage of neutrophil, absolute neutrophil count, and maximal body temperature were obtained less than 24 hours after clinical onset of sepsis or SIRS.

RESULTS: The serum levels of PCT and IL-6 and percentage of neutrophil were significantly higher in patients with sepsis than in those with non-infectious SIRS (PCT: 5.54 [1.20, 32.74] microg/L vs 0.77 [0.22, 3.90] microg/L, P=0.001; IL-6: 163.66 [33.60, 505.26] ng/L vs 37.72 [22.52, 110.78] ng/L, P=0.004; CRP [15.28 +/- 8.41] g/L vs [9.51 +/- 7.65] g/L, P=0.010; and percentage of neutrophil: 0.91 +/- 0.04 vs 0.88 +/- 0.04, P=0.010). Receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the power of PCT and IL-6 were the best of all above. There was significant correlation between serum PCT or IL-6 and the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE II) or sepsis-related organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores, so was between serum PCT and the intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay.

CONCLUSIONS: PCT and IL-6 are more reliable indicators to differentiate sepsis and non-infectious SIRS than the conventional inflammatory markers, and correlate with the disease severity. PCT levels are significantly correlated with ICU length of stay.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"