Intravascular catheter complications in the neonatal intensive care unit

Marcus C Hermansen, Mary Goetz Hermansen
Clinics in Perinatology 2005, 32 (1): 141-56, vii
Central and peripheral intravascular catheters serve many important functions for sick neonates; however, the use of these catheters also carries significant risk of permanent disability or even death. This article examines the risks of catheter-related thromboembolic events, vasospasm, and infection. The article also looks at risks that are specific to umbilical artery catheters, umbilical vein catheters, peripherally-inserted central catheters, peripheral artery catheters, and peripheral intravenous catheters. Specific recommendations are made to reduce the possibility of an intravascular catheter-related complication.

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