Genetic polymorphism of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 in a Bolivian population: an investigative and comparative study

Heydy V Bravo-Villalta, Koujirou Yamamoto, Katsunori Nakamura, Ana Bayá, Yuko Okada, Ryuya Horiuchi
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2005, 61 (3): 179-84

OBJECTIVE: Several reports of CYP2C genetic polymorphism demonstrate its potential clinical role in determining both inter-individual and inter-ethnic differences in drug efficacy. We estimated the distribution of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 common variants in the Bolivian population (a South American population), and compared these data with those from Asian, African, Caucasian and Oceanian populations.

METHODS: Genomic DNA was obtained from 778 unrelated healthy volunteers from Bolivia. The genotypic status of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 was determined by means of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism.

RESULTS: Allelic and genotypic frequencies of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 were determined for the Bolivian population, and comparison of the data with other ethnic groups revealed a lower CYP2C9*2 frequency (4.8%) than in Caucasians, but a higher frequency than in Asians; frequencies of CYP2C9*3 (3.0%) and CYP2C9 (0.4%) poor metabolizers (PMs) were similar to those seen in Asian populations. Frequencies of CYP2C19*2 (7.8%), CYP2C19*3 (0.1%), and CYP2C19 PMs (1.0%) in the Bolivian population were for the most part lower than in Caucasian, Asian, Oceanian and African populations.

CONCLUSION: This is the first study to investigate a South American population for genetic polymorphism in the CYP2C subfamily. The Bolivian population differs from most other ethnic groups in the incidence of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 common variants that might be influenced by its admixture characteristics.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"