JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cyclicity of neonatal sleep behaviors at 25 to 30 weeks' postconceptional age

Mark S Scher, Mark W Johnson, Diane Holditch-Davis
Pediatric Research 2005, 57 (6): 879-82
15774839
Previous sleep studies of preterm neonates describe the rudimentary expression of sleep state cyclicity after 30 wk postconceptional age (PCA), with stability over multiple cycles only after 36 wk PCA. The research objective for this study was to determine whether sleep state cyclicity was expressed in neonates of 25-30 wk PCA, using two criteria for state identification. Our neonatal sleep consortium includes a total cohort of 359 children who were healthy and medically ill neonates who were recruited from three obstetric-neonatal services and received multiple-hour EEG sleep studies. A subset of the 33 youngest preterm infants were selected to evaluate the first of serial 2- to 3-h EEG-sleep recordings to assess the presence of sleep state cyclicity. One neonatal neurophysiologist visually assigned EEG-sleep characteristics for each record. Rapid eye movement (REM) counts and EEG discontinuity were specifically chosen to assess whether sleep cyclicity was expressed. A combined measure of REM and EEG discontinuity were used in an autocovariance analysis to assess cycling and mean cycle duration. A mean cycle duration of 68 +/- 19 min with a range of 37-100 min was determined from the REM-EEG discontinuity state for 24 neonates. The remaining nine infants had absent or poor sleep cyclicity. Sleep state cyclicity is expressed for a majority of neonates between 25 and 30 wk PCA, reflecting an ultradian biologic rhythm during the early perinatal stage of brain development.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15774839
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.