Comparison of the effect of sildenafil and apomorphine SL on nocturnal erections in healthy volunteers: a placebo-controlled study

Andrea Salonia, Luigi Barbieri, Juza Chen, Alberto Briganti, Federico Dehò, Richard Naspro, Ubaldo Del Carro, Kostantinos Rokkas, Vincenzo Scattoni, Patrizio Rigatti, Francesco Montorsi
European Urology 2005, 47 (4): 524-9; discussion 529

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of sildenafil and sublingual (sl) apomorphine on nocturnal erections.

METHODS: In a prospective, single-blinded, placebo-controlled at-home study we compared the effect of apomorphine sl and sildenafil on sleep-related erectile activity in 30 healthy potent volunteers (mean age, 26.4 years; range, 23-35 years; Erectile Function domain of the International Index of Erectile Function > or =26), not reporting any subjective sleep abnormality during 4 consecutive nights with rigidity monitoring (NPTR) with the RigiScantrade mark device. After the first night of adaptation, they were randomized to receive placebo or apomorphine sl 2mg or sildenafil 50mg taken at bedtime during the following 3 consecutive nights.

RESULTS: Sildenafil increased the mean+/-SE number of erections, overall length of erectile events, and the time of erections with rigidity >60% at both tip and base, as compared to placebo. The same parameters were reduced after administration of apomorphine sl. Similar findings were observed with regards to Rigidity Activity Units and Tumescence Activity Units.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that sildenafil taken at bedtime might increase nocturnal erectile activity also in young potent men as compared to placebo. Apomorphine sl taken at bedtime seems to have the opposite effect.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"