COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

c-Myc suppresses p21WAF1/CIP1 expression during estrogen signaling and antiestrogen resistance in human breast cancer cells

Shibani Mukherjee, Susan E Conrad
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2005 May 6, 280 (18): 17617-25
15757889
Estrogen rapidly induces expression of the proto-oncogene c-myc. c-Myc is required for estrogen-stimulated proliferation of breast cancer cells, and deregulated c-Myc expression has been implicated in antiestrogen resistance. In this report, we investigate the mechanism(s) by which c-Myc mediates estrogen-stimulated proliferation and contributes to cell cycle progression in the presence of antiestrogen. The MCF-7 cell line is a model of estrogen-dependent, antiestrogen-sensitive human breast cancer. Using stable MCF-7 derivatives with inducible c-Myc expression, we demonstrated that in antiestrogen-treated cells, the elevated mRNA and protein levels of p21(WAF1/CIP1), a cell cycle inhibitor, decreased upon either c-Myc induction or estrogen treatment. Expression of p21 blocked c-Myc-mediated cell cycle progression in the presence of antiestrogen, suggesting that the decrease in p21 is necessary for this process. Using RNA interference to suppress c-Myc expression, we further established that c-Myc is required for estrogen-mediated decreases in p21(WAF1/CIP1). Finally, we observed that neither c-Myc nor p21(WAF1/CIP1) is regulated by estrogen or antiestrogen in an antiestrogen-resistant MCF-7 derivative. The p21 levels in the antiestrogen-resistant cells increased when c-Myc expression was suppressed, suggesting that loss of p21 regulation was a consequence of constitutive c-Myc expression. Together, these studies implicate p21(WAF1/CIP1) as an important target of c-Myc in breast cancer cells and provide a link between estrogen, c-Myc, and the cell cycle machinery. They further suggest that aberrant c-Myc expression, which is frequently observed in human breast cancers, can contribute to antiestrogen resistance by altering p21(WAF1/CIP1) regulation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15757889
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"