COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cost utility in the United States of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone for the treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

John C Hornberger, Jennie H Best
Cancer 2005 April 15, 103 (8): 1644-51
15756658

BACKGROUND: Findings from the Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes Adultes LNH 98-5 study showed that rituximab added to combined cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) prolonged progression-free survival and overall survival in adults age >/= 60 years with diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (DLBCL). The current study was conducted to investigate the incremental cost utility of the addition of rituximab to CHOP (R-CHOP) compared with CHOP alone.

METHODS: Clinical prognosis of the time to disease progression and death was estimated using published evidence from the LNH 98-5 study (n = 399 patients) that was linked mathematically to published long-term outcome data on patients with DLBCL. Drug-acquisition costs were based on published data from formulary pricing sources, and the costs of cancer surveillance and end-of-life care were based on published literature sources. The authors assessed cost utility as the difference in costs between R-CHOP and CHOP divided by the increase in expected overall survival adjusted for quality of life.

RESULTS: Over 5 years, it was projected that R-CHOP would prolong overall survival by 1.04 years. The mean cumulative cost of CHOP was 3358 dollars, and the mean cost of R-CHOP was 17,225 dollars, resulting in a cumulative net increase of 13,867 dollars. The posttreatment cancer surveillance cost for CHOP was 3950 dollars, compared with 5202 dollars for R-CHOP. It was estimated that R-CHOP would have a cost-utility ratio of 19,297 dollars per year of life gained compared with CHOP when adjusted for quality of life. R-CHOP remained cost effective over wide ranges of variables in sensitivity analyses.

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with CHOP alone, it was predicted that R-CHOP would be cost effective in elderly patients with DLBCL.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15756658
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"