The effect of fever-like temperatures on neutrophil signaling

Birgit Salanova, Mira Choi, Susanne Rolle, Maren Wellner, Claus Scheidereit, Friedrich C Luft, Ralph Kettritz
FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 2005, 19 (7): 816-8
The effect of fever on neutrophils has not been explored. We tested the hypothesis that fever-like temperature spikes affect neutrophil signaling and function. Prior 60 min, 42 degrees C heat exposure inhibited p38 MAPK, ERK, PI3-Kinase/Akt, and NF-kappaB activation in TNF-alpha-challenged suspended neutrophils. Using pharmacological inhibitors and an inhibitory peptide transduced into neutrophils by a HIV-TAT sequence, we found that p38 MAPK and NF-kappaB mediate TNF-alpha-mediated delayed apoptosis in suspended neutrophils. Heat exposure (39-42 degrees C) did not affect constitutive apoptosis but abrogated TNF-alpha-delayed apoptosis in these suspended cells. In contrast, adhesion-dependent functions were not inhibited. Furthermore, we found that heat exposure neither blocked p38 MAPK, ERK, and NF-kappaB activation in neutrophils on fibronectin nor prevented delayed apoptosis by TNF-alpha when cells interacted with fibronectin. Above and beyond apoptosis, TNF-alpha initiated NF-kappaB-dependent gene transcription. Heat exposure blocked this effect in suspended neutrophils but not in neutrophils on fibronectin. Finally, we show that beta2-integrins, which are not necessary for TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation at 37 degrees C, transduce costimulatory signals allowing NF-kappaB activation after heat exposure. The effect could protect circulating neutrophils from TNF-alpha activation, while not interfering with activation of adherent neutrophils. Fever could make neutrophils more parsimonious.

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