Tension-free polypropylene mesh for vaginal repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse

Renaud de Tayrac, Amélie Gervaise, Aurélia Chauveaud, Hervé Fernandez
Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2005, 50 (2): 75-80

OBJECTIVE: To study the ongoing results of the repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse reinforced with tension-free polypropylene mesh (GyneMesh, Gynecare, Ethicon, Issy-Les-Moulineaux, France).

STUDY DESIGN: A case series of 87 consecutive women with anterior vaginal wall prolapse who underwent a transvaginal procedure using polypropylene mesh between October 1999 and August 2002. The mean age (+/-SD) was 62.4+/-13.4 years. Before the operation, patients underwent physical examination staging of the prolapse with the International Pelvic Organ Prolapse staging system. Thirteen women had stage 2 anterior vaginal wall prolapse (14.9%), 59 had stage 3 (67.9%), and 15 had stage 4 (17.3%). The polypropylene mesh was placed from the retropubic space to the inferior part of the bladder in a tension-freefashion. Patients were followed for 9-43 months, with a median follow-up (+/-SD) of 24+/-9.6 months. We defined "cure" as satisfactory (stage 1) or optimal (stage 0) outcome for point Ba in the staging system.

RESULTS: Eighty-four patients returned for follow-up (96.6%). At follow-up, 77 women were cured (91.6%), 5 women had asymptomatic stage 2 anterior vaginal wall prolapse, and 2 had a recurrent stage 3 (2.4%). There were no postoperative infections. There were a total of 7 vaginal erosions of the mesh (8.3%); 4 necessitated a second procedure for partial excision of the mesh.

CONCLUSION: Vaginal repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse reinforced with tension-free polypropylene mesh is effective and relatively safe. Vaginal erosion occurred in 8.3% of the study population but was easily manageable, with no sequelae.

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