A new strategy for treatment of malignant tumor: intra-bone marrow-bone marrow transplantation plus CD4- donor lymphocyte infusion

Yasuhiro Suzuki, Yasushi Adachi, Keizo Minamino, Yuming Zhang, Masayoshi Iwasaki, Keiji Nakano, Yasushi Koike, Susumu Ikehara
Stem Cells 2005, 23 (3): 365-70
Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is clinically used for the treatment of malignant tumors. We have found recently that intra-bone marrow-bone marrow transplantation (IBM-BMT) can be used to treat various autoimmune diseases, even when radiation doses are reduced. In addition, recently we have found that IBM-BMT can prevent not only graft failure but also graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Based on these findings, we attempted to prevent and treat the progression of a tumor (Meth-A cell line: BALB/c-derived fibrosarcoma) by DLI plus IBM-BMT. When the tumors had grown to approximately 10 x 10 mm, the tumor-bearing BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice were irradiated with 5 Gy, and whole spleen cells from C57BL/6J (B6) (H-2(b)) mice (as DLI) were then intravenously injected into the BALB/c mice. Simultaneously, bone marrow cells (BMCs) from B6 mice were injected directly into the bone marrow cavity of the BALB/c mice (IBM-BMT). The tumors decreased in size, but the mice died of GvHD. However, when CD4(+) T-cell-depleted spleen cells were used for DLI, the recipients showed only mild GvHD and survived longer, due to the slow growth of the tumor. In contrast, when CD8(+) T-cell-depleted spleen cells were used for DLI, the recipients showed more severe GvHD than those injected with whole spleen cells. These results suggest that IBM-BMT plus DLI (the depletion or reduction of a certain cell population like CD4(+) T cells) could be helpful to suppress both GvHD and tumor growth.

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