REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Sickle cell hepatopathy: clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome in pediatric and adult patients.

BACKGROUND: Standard diagnostic criteria and therapy are lacking for sickle cell hepatopathy, an uncommon complication of sickle cell disease. Here we propose diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines based on our experience and on reported cases.

METHODS: We defined sickle hepatopathy by a total serum bilirubin concentration >13 mg/dl not explained by severe acute hemolysis, viral hepatitis, extrahepatic obstruction, or hepatic sequestration. We reviewed the records of all children with sickle hepatopathy seen at our institution during the past 20 years and the reported cases from the literature. Patients were categorized into two groups based on whether hepatic dysfunction at presentation was mild (Group I) or severe (Group II).

RESULTS: Seven patients were identified from our institution and 37 patients from the literature. The 44 patients were evenly divided between the two groups. Group I patients had a significantly lower mean age (11.8 years vs. 24.5 years, P = 0.0001), maximum bilirubin level (36.2 mg/dl vs. 76.8 mg/dl, P = 0.0008), and frequency of treatment with exchange transfusions (P = 0.03). Overall, mortality was 4% in Group I and 64% in Group II (P = 0.0001). Gender and recurrence rate did not differ. Among Group II patients, only two of nine who received exchange transfusion died, whereas 12 of 13 who did not receive exchange transfusion died (P = 0.0015).

CONCLUSIONS: Sickle cell hepatopathy is an uncommon complication characterized by extreme hyperbilirubinemia and either mild or severe hepatic dysfunction. Children and adults can present with either form; however, adults have a higher frequency of the severe form. Exchange transfusion may be the only effective management for initial episodes of severe sickle cell hepatopathy.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app