Effect of platelet-rich plasma with autogenous bone graft for maxillary sinus augmentation in a rabbit model

Kevin J Butterfield, Jeffrey Bennett, Gloria Gronowicz, Douglas Adams
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2005, 63 (3): 370-6

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on autogenous bone graft remodeling during sinus augmentation in a rabbit model.

MATERIALS: Twelve New Zealand White rabbits were divided randomly into 3 groups based on their time of sacrifice (2, 4, and 8 weeks). All animals underwent a general anesthetic and harvesting of an autogenous bone graft from the right iliac crest with subsequent bilateral maxillary sinus augmentation. PRP was prepared via standard approved technique by acquiring 21 cc of autogenous blood and performing differential centrifugation to obtain PRP. One cc of PRP was produced that was mixed with bovine topical thrombin and calcium chloride. The left maxillary sinus received only autogenous bone, while the right maxillary sinus received a mixture of PRP mixed with autogenous bone, thus each animal acted as its own control. Equal volumes of bone were inserted in each maxillary sinus. Animals were sacrificed at 2, 4, and 8 weeks and all specimens were harvested for peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQ-CT), static, and dynamic and histomorphometric analysis.

RESULTS: Student t tests were performed comparing bone density via pQ-CT analysis, histomorphometric parameters of total bone area, and bone apposition rate. PRP had no statistically significant effect on bone graft healing in maxillary sinus augmentation when compared using standard pQ-CT, static, and dynamic histologic criteria.

CONCLUSION: This study fails to find a direct stimulatory effect of PRP on healing of autogenous bone grafts using pQ-CT, static, and dynamic histomorphometric analyses.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"