Fabrication and characteristics of MOSFET protein chip for detection of ribosomal protein

Keun-Yong Park, Min-Suk Kim, Sie-Young Choi
Biosensors & Bioelectronics 2005 April 15, 20 (10): 2111-5
A metal oxide silicon field effect transistor (MOSFET) protein chip for the easy detection of protein was fabricated and its characteristics were investigated. Generally, the drain current of the MOSFET is varied by the gate potential. It is expected that the formation of an antibody-antigen complex on the gate of MOSFET would lead to a detectable change in the charge distribution and thus, directly modulate the drain current of MOSFET. As such, the drain current of the MOSFET protein chip can be varied by ribosomal proteins absorbed by the self-assembled monolayer (SAM) immobilized on the gate (Au) surface, as ribosomal protein has positive charge, and these current variations then used as the response of the protein chip. The gate of MOSFET protein chip is not directly biased by an external voltage source, so called open gate or floating gate MOSFET, but rather chemically modified by immobilized molecular receptors called self-assembled monolayer (SAM). In our experiments, the current variation in the proposed protein chip was about 8% with a protein concentration of 0.7 mM. As the protein concentration increased, the drain current also gradually increased. In addition, there were some drift of the drain current in the device. It is considered that these drift might be caused by the drift from the MOSFET itself or protein absorption procedures that are relied on the facile attachment of thiol (-S) ligands to the gate (Au) surface. We verified the formation of SAM on the gold surface and the absorption of protein through the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) measurement.

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