JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Plantar pressure and load in cadaver feet after a Weil or chevron osteotomy.

BACKGROUND: Since metatarsal osteotomy was first used to treat metatarsalgia in the early twentieth century, many techniques have been described to accomplish the basic aim of reduction of load transmission through the operated metatarsal and reduction of localized high pressure on the plantar surface of the metatarsal. Our study examined two popular distal metatarsal neck osteotomies used for the relief of central metatarsalgia and the biomechanical changes that result from their use in a cadaver forefoot model.

METHODS: After applying 445 N (100 lbs) of axially directed force, we measured plantar pressure using the TekScan HR Mat (TekScan, Inc., South Boston, MA) in twelve paired, thawed, fresh-frozen intact cadaver legs, then after either a Weil or chevron osteotomy of the second metatarsal and finally after the addition of the same osteotomy of the third metatarsal.

RESULTS: Load in the forefoot was not significantly affected by the Weil osteotomy. A significant increase in load was produced in the first metatarsal region, and significant decreases in load were produced beneath the operated metatarsal heads after the chevron osteotomy. Average pressure in the contact area of the forefoot showed similar trends; however, load and pressure changes occurred independently, owing to the changes in contact area produced by the osteotomies. No significant changes were observed in the nonoperated metatarsal regions.

CONCLUSIONS: In this model, the chevron osteotomy more effectively reduced load and plantar pressure in the operated metatarsal regions; however, increases in load and pressure were observed in the first metatarsal region. The increase in pressure without a change in load in region 3 (third metatarsal) after a Weil osteotomy of the third metatarsal was attributed to the creation of a plantar prominence. This study did not show a reduction in load transmission as a result of the Weil osteotomy, which contradicts the proposed mechanism of clinical benefit. An intact first ray likely prevents transfer of load or pressure to adjacent lesser metatarsals with chevron osteotomy.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app