MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Omenn syndrome due to ARTEMIS mutations

Markus Ege, Yunmei Ma, Burkhard Manfras, Krzysztof Kalwak, Haihui Lu, Michael R Lieber, Klaus Schwarz, Ulrich Pannicke
Blood 2005 June 1, 105 (11): 4179-86
15731174
Omenn syndrome (OS) is characterized by severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) associated with erythrodermia, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and alopecia. In patients with OS, B cells are mostly absent, T-cell counts are normal to elevated, and T cells are frequently activated and express a restricted T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire. Thus far, inherited hypomorphic mutations of the recombination activating genes 1 and 2 (RAG1/2) have been described in OS. We report on a first patient with clinical and immunologic features of OS caused by hypomorphic ARTEMIS mutations. The patient's T cells expressed alpha/beta receptors with an oligoclonal repertoire but normal V(D)J recombination coding joints. Sequencing of the ARTEMIS gene revealed a compound heterozygosity in this nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) factor, explaining the enhanced radiosensitivity of the patient's primary dermal fibroblasts. The maternal allele contained a null mutation within the active center, whereas the expression of the paternal allele with a start codon (AUG to ACG) mutation partially restored V(D)J recombination and ARTEMIS function in vivo and in vitro.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15731174
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"