[Perioperative evaluation of lung function]

M M Berger, R Gust
Der Anaesthesist 2005, 54 (3): 273-86; quiz 287-8
Respiratory diseases contribute significantly to perioperative morbidity and mortality. Severe pulmonary complications usually emerge postoperatively. To minimise pulmonary risk, the perioperative evaluation of lung function is of major significance, allowing the identification of patient and surgery-related risk factors. In particular, the significance of the intraoperative assessment of lung function has gained in importance over the last few years. The following article describes the possibilities and frontiers of the perioperative assessment of lung function, and focuses especially on the significance of preoperative pulmonary function tests and the intraoperative interpretation of respiratory pressure, flow, and volume loops.

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