JOURNAL ARTICLE

Preparation and adsorption properties of monodisperse chitosan-bound Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for removal of Cu(II) ions

Yang-Chuang Chang, Dong-Hwang Chen
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2005 March 15, 283 (2): 446-51
15721917
Monodisperse chitosan-bound Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles were developed as a novel magnetic nano-adsorbent for the removal of heavy metal ions. Chitosan was first carboxymethylated and then covalently bound on the surface of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles via carbodiimide activation. Transmission electron microscopy micrographs showed that the chitosan-bound Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles were monodisperse and had a mean diameter of 13.5 nm. X-ray diffraction patterns indicated that the magnetic nanoparticles were pure Fe(3)O(4) with a spinel structure, and the binding of chitosan did not result in a phase change. The binding of chitosan was also demonstrated by the measurement of zeta potential, and the weight percentage of chitosan bound to Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles was estimated to be about 4.92 wt%. The chitosan-bound Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles were shown to be quite efficient for the removal of Cu(II) ions at pH>2. In particular, the adsorption rate was so fast that the equilibrium was achieved within 1 min due to the absence of internal diffusion resistance. The adsorption data obeyed the Langmuir equation with a maximum adsorption capacity of 21.5 mg g(-1) and a Langmuir adsorption equilibrium constant of 0.0165 L mg(-1). The pH and temperature effects revealed that the adsorption capacity increased significantly with increasing pH at pH 2-5, and the adsorption process was exothermic in nature with an enthalpy change of -6.14 kJ mol(-1) at 300-330 K.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15721917
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"