Intratumoral injection of interferon-gamma gene-modified dendritic cells elicits potent antitumor effects: effective induction of tumor-specific CD8+ CTL response

Jianping Pan, Minghui Zhang, Jianli Wang, Qingqing Wang, Dajing Xia, Wenji Sun, Lihuang Zhang, Hai Yu, Xuetao Cao
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 2005, 131 (7): 468-78

PURPOSE: To examine the antitumor efficacy of intratumoral injection of interferon-gamma gene-modified dendritic cells (DC-IFN-gamma) in a B16 melanoma model and to investigate its related immunological mechanisms.

METHODS: C57BL/6 mice-derived DC were transfected with adenovirus encoding IFN-gamma or beta-galactosidase (DC-LacZ). Secretion of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha by DC was detected by ELISA. Nitric oxide (NO) production was measured by Griess reaction. Cytotoxicity of DC against tumor cell lines and activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were determined by 51Cr-release assay. TRP-2aa180-188-specific CD8+ CTLs in tumor-bearing mice with different treatment were determined by ELISPOT.

RESULTS: DC-IFN-gamma could secrete high levels of IFN-gamma, NO and TNF-alpha. DC-IFN-gamma were cytolytic to B16 melanoma cells in vitro, but DC-LacZ and DC were not. Significant inhibition of tumor growth and prolonged survival were achieved in tumor-bearing mice intratumorally injected with DC-IFN-gamma when compared with those in tumor-bearing mice intratumorally injected with DC, DC-LacZ, fibroblasts, IFN-gamma gene-modified fibroblasts or PBS. After treatment with DC-IFN-gamma, enhanced Th1 and decreased Th2 responses were observed, and B16 melanoma antigen TRP-2aa180-188-specific CD8+ CTLs were induced significantly in the tumor-bearing mice.

CONCLUSIONS: Intratumorally injected DC-IFN-gamma can uptake tumor antigens in situ and cross-present tumor antigens to specific CD8+ T cells, hereby eliciting effective antitumor effects in murine model with preestablished B16 melanoma.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"