JOURNAL ARTICLE

Efficacy and safety of fixed low-dose dalteparin in preventing venous thromboembolism among obese or elderly hospitalized patients: a subgroup analysis of the PREVENT trial

Nils Kucher, Alain Leizorovicz, Paul T Vaitkus, Alexander T Cohen, Alexander G G Turpie, Carl-Gustav Olsson, Samuel Z Goldhaber
Archives of Internal Medicine 2005 February 14, 165 (3): 341-5
15710801

BACKGROUND: We were concerned that a fixed rather than a weight-based dosing regimen of dalteparin sodium to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) might result in decreased efficacy in obese patients and decreased safety in elderly patients.

METHODS: We retrospectively performed subgroup analyses using the database from the Prospective Evaluation of Dalteparin Efficacy for Prevention of VTE in Immobilized Patients (PREVENT) Trial, a study of 3706 hospitalized, medically ill patients randomized to receive either dalteparin sodium, 5000 U/d, or placebo. The primary end point was a composite of symptomatic VTE, fatal pulmonary embolism, sudden death, or asymptomatic proximal deep venous thrombosis by day 21. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) of 30 or greater for men and 28.6 or greater for women.

RESULTS: Overall, 1118 patients (30.4%) were obese and 1226 (33.3%) were 75 years or older. In obese patients, the primary end point occurred in 2.8% of the dalteparin and in 4.3% of the placebo groups (relative risk, 0.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.32-1.28). In patients 75 years or older, the primary end point was reported in 4.2% of the dalteparin and in 8.0% of the placebo groups (relative risk, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.31-0.87). The dalteparin effect for the primary end point (odds ratio, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.32-0.82) was not attenuated when adjusted for age, sex, obesity, history of VTE, and varicose veins. Dalteparin was not associated with an increase in major hemorrhage by day 21 in obese (0% vs 0.7% placebo; P>.99) and in elderly (1.1% vs 0.7%; P=.12) patients.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that a fixed low dose of dalteparin sodium of 5000 U/d is effective and safe in preventing VTE in obese and elderly hospitalized medical patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15710801
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"