Hypoxia-induced increase in soluble Flt-1 production correlates with enhanced oxidative stress in trophoblast cells from the human placenta

H Li, B Gu, Y Zhang, D F Lewis, Y Wang
Placenta 2005, 26 (2-3): 210-7

OBJECTIVE: Placental trophoblast cells (TCs) produce soluble Flt-1 (sFlt-1). Hypoxia induces placental oxidative stress and modulates trophoblast function. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hypoxia mediates TC sFlt-1 production and whether increased sFlt-1 production correlates with increased oxidative stress in placental TCs.

METHODS: Placentas were obtained immediately after delivery from normal pregnant women (n = 8). Placental TCs were isolated by Dispase digestion of villous tissue and purified by Percoll gradient centrifugation. Isolated TCs were cultured under normoxia (21% O2: 5% CO2/95% air) and hypoxia (2% O2/5% CO2/93% N2) conditions for 3 days in vitro. TC productions of sFlt-1, VEGF, and PlGF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Lipid peroxide production and superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) levels were evaluated. Messenger RNA expressions of Flt-1, VEGF and PlGF were determined by RT-PCR. Messenger RNA expressions for superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were also determined. Data are expressed as mean +/- SE. A p level less than 0.05 was considered statistically different.

RESULTS: Our results show that sFlt-1 production was significantly increased by TCs cultured under hypoxia condition that correlates with increased lipid peroxide production. We also found that under hypoxia condition: (1) the ratio of PlGF/VEGF production was reversed; (2) the ratio of lipid peroxides to superoxide dismutase production was increased. The increased mRNA expressions for Flt-1 and VEGF and the decreased mRNA expression for PlGF in TCs were consistent with the protein productions under hypoxia condition.

CONCLUSION: We concluded that upregulation of sFlt-1 and unbalanced PlGF/VEGF production associated with increased oxidative stress are consequences of hypoxia in placental TCs. Our results suggest that placental TCs are major sources of sFlt-1 and VEGF levels in the maternal circulation in women with preeclampsia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"