Mammary pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia presenting as an axillary mass

J S Lee, H S Oh, K W Min
Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology 2005, 14 (1): 61-4
Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) of the breast is characterized by interanastomosing slit-like spaces lined with spindle-shaped cells in an abundant fibrous stroma. PASH is a relatively common incidental finding in the breast tissue removed for other reasons and rarely presents as a localized mass. The etiology of PASH is unknown, but hormonal factors are thought to be involved. Accessory breast tissue is subject to all pathologic changes found in the normal breast. We report a case of PASH that presented as a palpable axillary mass in a 43-year-old woman. To our knowledge, PASH has not previously been reported in the axillary accessory breast tissue. The spindle stromal cells in our patient showed immunophenotypic characteristics of myofibroblastic differentiation. Immunoreactivity for progesterone receptor was noted in the spindle cells. These findings support the hypothesis that endogenous hormones are involved in the development of PASH.

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