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Effects of three amplification strategies on speech perception by children with severe and profound hearing loss

Josephine E Marriage, Brian C J Moore, Michael A Stone, Thomas Baer
Ear and Hearing 2005, 26 (1): 35-47
15692303

OBJECTIVE: Traditionally in the United Kingdom, children with severe and profound hearing loss have been fitted with linear, analog hearing aids. Fast-acting, wide-dynamic-range compression (WDRC) has been shown to give better discrimination of speech than linear amplification for moderately hearing-impaired young adults. For severe and profound hearing losses, higher compression ratios are needed. The resultant distortion of the temporal envelope and reduced modulation depth may offset improvements in audibility offered by WDRC. In this study, speech recognition and discrimination were assessed for severely and profoundly hearing-impaired children, using three different amplification strategies, including WDRC.

DESIGN: Fifteen children (ages 7 to 15 yr) with severe and profound hearing loss were fitted bilaterally with high-power, multichannel compression hearing aids, incorporating one of three different amplification strategies: linear with peak clipping, linear with compression limiting, or WDRC. Output responses were matched to Desired Sensation Level (DSL i/o) targets. The children wore hearing aids programmed with each of the amplification strategies in turn, for at least 1 wk, in a counterbalanced order across children. After using a particular amplification strategy for at least 1 wk, speech perception tests were carried out.

RESULTS: Speech scores on closed-set testing for the profound group showed significant benefit for WDRC over the other two algorithms. None of the other results showed a statistically significant effect of algorithm on speech performance.

CONCLUSIONS: WDRC amplification sometimes led to better performance than linear amplification with peak clipping or output limiting, and it never led to poorer performance. Therefore, it appears to be safe to use well-designed WDRC for hearing-impaired children with severe or profound hearing loss.

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