Surgical treatment of subaortic obstruction in adolescent and adults: long-term follow-up

Vedat Erentug, Nilg√ľn Bozbuga, Kaan Kirali, Deniz Goksedef, Esat Akinci, Omer Isik, Cevat Yakut
Journal of Cardiac Surgery 2005, 20 (1): 16-21
Subaortic stenosis (SAS) is a wide spectrum of anatomical derangements ranging from a discrete fibrous membrane to tortuous fibrous tunnel with or without aortic annulus hypoplasia. We have reviewed 88 patients undergoing surgery for SAS over a 15-year period. There were 47 male and 41 female patients with a mean age of 19.8 +/- 10.6 years (range 11 to 39). Fifty-eight patients had discrete subaortic membrane, and 30 patients had diffuse tunnel subvalvular stenosis. The mean systolic pressure gradients were found to be 86.5 +/- 31.4 mmHg (range 48 to 145 mmHg). Ten patients had mild and 13 patients had moderate-to-severe aortic insufficiency (AI) preoperatively. Nine patients had bicuspid aortic valve. Forty patients (45.4%) had associated cardiac lesions. Isolated membranectomy was performed in six patients. Membranectomy associated with septal myectomy was done in 52 patients. Fifteen patients of them associated hypoplasia of the aortic orifice necessitated aortic valve replacement (AVR) using the Konno-Rastan procedure. Fifteen patients with tunnel SAS and normal aortic valves underwent a combined approach for valve sparing, a modified Konno procedure with patch septoplasty. Also eight patients required AVR because of the severity of AI and five patients aortic reconstruction procedures. Aortic commissurotomy was performed to relief of stenosis in four patients. There were three early deaths (3.4%) and one late death (1.1%) all after the Konno-Rastan procedure. Eight patients (9.1%) had permanent conduction abnormalities. Postoperative left ventricle-aorta gradient was significantly decreased at early postoperative period (p < 0.001) and ranged from 10 to 25 mmHg (mean 14.1 +/- 4.3). Fourteen patients (16.5%) were reoperated for recurrent obstruction or progression of AI. The mean reoperation interval was 4.4 +/- 1.7 years (range 2 to 8 years). Five-year reoperation-free survival was 88.0 +/- 3.6% and 12.5-year reoperation-free survival was 75.5 +/- 7.0%. Our results of aggressive surgical approach of subvalvular aortic stenosis produces relief of obstruction and frees the valve leaflets, significantly reducing associated AI with long-term survival and long-term adequate relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.


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