JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prevalence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli-associated diarrhoea and carrier state in the developing world

Christine Wennerås, Valdemar Erling
Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition 2004, 22 (4): 370-82
15663170
This study assesses the importance of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) as a diarrhoeal agent in developing countries. Odds ratios were calculated for incurring ETEC-associated diarrhoea based on data reported between 1970 and 1999. Carriage of ETEC was associated with diarrhoea in children aged less than five years, except for hospitalized infants aged 0-11 month(s) and children aged 1-4 year(s) at outpatient clinics. Two hundred and eighty million episodes of diarrhoea due to ETEC were seen yearly among those aged less than five years, and close to 50 million children of this age group were asymptomatic carriers of ETEC. Every 7th diarrhoeal episode in children aged less than one year and close to 25% of diarrhoeal cases in children aged 1-4 year(s) were due to ETEC. A child born in a developing country is likely to experience 0.5 diarrhoeal episodes per year caused by ETEC until the age of five years, after which the yearly incidence drops to 0.1. To conclude, ETEC remains an important diarrhoeal pathogen among children in the developing world.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15663170
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.