A comparative study between radiofrequency ablation with plication and Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy for grade III hemorrhoids

P J Gupta
Techniques in Coloproctology 2004, 8 (3): 163-8

BACKGROUND: Milligan-Morgan (MM) hemorrhoidectomy is the most favored treatment for prolapsed hemorrhoids. However, it may be associated with severe postoperative pain, long periods of convalescence and other complications. In alternative, I use a procedure of radiofrequency ablation and plication (RAP) of hemorrhoids. The present study compared the two procedures in terms of surgical parameters, postoperative pain and complications.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients with grade III hemorrhoids were randomized to undergo radiofrequency ablation and plication (31 patients) or MM hemorrhoidectomy (29 patients). The patients were followed up to 2 years.

RESULTS: Duration of surgery was significantly longer in the MM group as was postoperative hospitalization (p<0.05). Post-defecation pain and pain at rest were much less in the RAP group (p<0.05). Wound healing period (17 vs. 38 days) and time to return to work (7 vs. 17 days) were the other significant findings favoring RAP procedure. Early complications occurred more frequently in MM group, but late complications like external skin tags (4 vs. 2 patients) were more common in RAP group. One asymptomatic recurrence was noted in RAP group.

CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency ablation and plication of hemorrhoids is associated with significantly less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stay and earlier return to normal activity. It can be considered as an alternative to the Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy.

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