COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

ESHAP plus G-CSF as an effective peripheral blood progenitor cell mobilization regimen in pretreated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: comparison with high-dose cyclophosphamide plus G-CSF

J-L Lee, S Kim, S W Kim, E-K Kim, S-B Kim, Y-K Kang, J Lee, M W Kim, C J Park, H-S Chi, J Huh, S-H Kim, C Suh
Bone Marrow Transplantation 2005, 35 (5): 449-54
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The ESHAP (etoposide, methylprednisolone, high-dose cytarabine, and cisplatin) regimen has been shown to be effective as an active salvage therapy for lymphoma. Mobilizing stem cells following ESHAP should decrease time to transplantation by making separate mobilizing chemotherapy (MC) unnecessary, while controlling a patient's lymphoma. We therefore assessed the mobilization potential of ESHAP plus G-CSF in 26 patients (ESHAP group) with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and compared these results with those of 24 patients with NHL who received high-dose (4 g/m2l) cyclophosphamide (HDCY) as MC (HDCY group). The age, sex, and radiotherapy to the axial skeleton were well matched between groups, but the number of patients with poor mobilization predictors was higher in the ESHAP group. Significantly higher numbers of CD34+ cells (x 10(6)/kg) (17.1+/-18.8 vs 5.8+/-5.0, P=0.03) and apheresis day 1 CD34+ cells (x 10(6)/kg) (5.5+/-6.6 vs 1.7+/-2.0, P=0.014) were collected from the ESHAP group than from the HDCY group, and the number of patients who achieved an optimal CD34+ cell target of 5 x 10(6)/kg was higher in the ESHAP group (81 vs 50%, P=0.022). Log-rank test revealed that time to target peripheral blood progenitor cell collection (> or =5 x 10(6)/kg) was shorter in the ESHAP group (P=0.007). These results indicate that ESHAP plus G-CSF is an excellent mobilization regimen in patients with relapsed and poor-risk aggressive NHL.

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