JOURNAL ARTICLE

Pelvic exenteration in the elderly patient

C M Matthews, M Morris, T W Burke, D M Gershenson, J T Wharton, F N Rutledge
Obstetrics and Gynecology 1992, 79 (5 ( Pt 1)): 773-7
1565364
Advanced age is frequently considered a contraindication to radical exenterative surgery. We reviewed the outcomes of 63 patients age 65 years or older who underwent pelvic exenteration between 1960-1991 at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. Sixty-three percent had preexisting medical illnesses. Major or potentially life-threatening complications were noted in 38% of the patients. An additional 38% experienced minor complications. Sixty percent experienced one or more infectious complications, including pyelonephritis, wound infection, sepsis, and flap necrosis. When both major and minor complications were considered, infectious morbidity was the single largest category. Although they are not life-threatening, nonspecific infectious morbidity and transient confusion were the most frequent individual complications, occurring in 26 and 24% of patients, respectively. Twenty-four percent of the patients experienced no complications. Thirty-four percent of the postoperative survivors suffered late major morbidity. Operative mortality was 11%; multisystem failure was the most frequent cause of death. After a mean follow-up of 4 years, 22 patients were alive with no clinical evidence of disease. Twenty-one patients died of recurrent disease, with a median time to recurrence of 9.6 months. The 5-year survival rate for the group was 46%. In comparison, 363 patients younger than age 65 who underwent exenteration during the same period experienced an operative mortality rate of 8.5% and a 5-year survival rate of 45%, neither of which were significantly different from the rates found for the older group (P = .51 and .52, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
1565364
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.