[A case with arteriovenous fistula from renal injury]

K Mizutani, M Sahashi, S Yamada, O Kamihira, Y Ono, S Ohshima
Nihon Hinyƍkika Gakkai Zasshi. the Japanese Journal of Urology 1992, 83 (1): 102-5
We report on a 58-year-old male treated with transcatheter embolization for arteriovenous fistula due to renal injury. The patient was transferred to our hospital on December 10, 1989, with left renal injury and left temporal bone fractures. Enhanced CT revealed parenchymal fracture with peri-renal hematoma in the left kidney. Antibiotics were prescribed to prevent bacterial infection of the injured kidney. Urine cleared and pain in the left loin area disappeared 17 days later. However, on December 28, gross hematuria and pain in the left flank suddenly reappeared. He was given a blood transfusion and was diagnosed with re-bleeding from the injured kidney. Renal angiography performed on January 10, 1990, revealed arteriovenous fistula of the kidney. Transcatheter embolization was done using a metal coil to close the arteriovenous fistula. The patient has had no further problems or complaints. Excretory pyelogram showed no hydronephrosis in the left kidney. TcDMSA renoscintiscan showed a defect in the mid-portion of the kidney. These results suggest that transcatheter embolization can be useful to alleviate arteriovenous fistula in cases of renal injury.

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