JOURNAL ARTICLE

Bone morphogenetic protein-2 induces hypophosphorylation of Rb protein and repression of E2F in androgen-treated LNCaP human prostate cancer cells

Kentaro Tomari, Toru Kumagai, Takahisa Shimizu, Ken Takeda
International Journal of Molecular Medicine 2005, 15 (2): 253-8
15647840
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), a multifunctional member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, superfamily, has powerful osteoinductive effects and causes cell cycle arrest in a variety of transformed cell lines. We have observed BMP-2-induced inhibition of cell proliferation in an androgen-dependent human prostate cancer cell line (LNCaP). To investigate the mechanism of inhibition of androgen-dependent growth by BMP-2, we examined the effect of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and/or BMP-2 on cell cycle-related proteins in LNCaP cells. BMP-2 decreased the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma (Rb) protein induced by treatment with DHT. DHT-induced expression of cyclin A and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) protein was also inhibited by co-treatment with BMP-2. Furthermore, BMP-2 induced expression of p21(WAF1/CIP1), a CDK inhibitor. These results indicate that changes in expression of these proteins lead to modulation of the phosphorylation state of Rb. DHT-induced E2F-1 protein and mRNA expressions was also inhibited by BMP-2, suggesting that BMP-2 inhibits DHT-induced growth of LNCaP cells through a decrease in E2F protein expression and suppression of E2F activity by hypophosphorylation of Rb.

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