COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Effective cabergoline treatment in idiopathic restless legs syndrome

K Stiasny-Kolster, H Benes, I Peglau, M Hornyak, B Holinka, K Wessel, W Emser, M Leroux, R Kohnen, W H Oertel
Neurology 2004 December 28, 63 (12): 2272-9
15623686

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of the dopamine agonist cabergoline (CAB) in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS).

METHODS: Patients with moderate to severe RLS were randomized into four groups receiving placebo, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg CAB once daily in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter dose-finding trial followed by an open long-term extension trial of 47 weeks. Efficacy was assessed with the RLS-6 scales and International RLS Study Group severity scale (IRLS).

RESULTS: A total of 85 patients (age 56 +/- 10 years, 71% females) were treated. Severity of RLS-6 scale symptoms during the night (the primary endpoint) was markedly improved by all CAB doses compared to placebo (placebo: -1.4 +/- 3.1, 0.5 mg CAB: -4.2 +/- 3.0 [p = 0.0082], 1.0 mg CAB: -4.0 +/- 2.9 [p = 0.0040], 2.0 mg CAB: -4.8 +/- 3.7 [p = 0.0026]). Similar results were found for the RLS severity at bedtime and during the day, IRLS, and satisfaction with sleep. A stable, clinically relevant improvement was achieved in all efficacy measures (severity during the night: change between last assessment and baseline: -5.6 +/- 2.5, rate of remission: 71.2%) throughout 1 year with a mean CAB dose of 2.2 mg per day. During long-term treatment, 6 of 66 treated patients were affected (n = 2) or possibly affected (n = 4) by mild augmentation. Under CAB therapy up to 1 year, 11 of 85 patients discontinued treatment due to a drug-related adverse event.

CONCLUSIONS: Cabergoline is an efficacious and well-tolerated option for the treatment of restless legs symptoms during the night and the day.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15623686
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"