JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cross talk between the intrarenal dopaminergic and cyclooxygenase-2 systems

Ming-Zhi Zhang, Bing Yao, James A McKanna, Raymond C Harris
American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 2005, 288 (4): F840-5
15613619
In mammalian kidney, dopamine produced in the proximal tubule (PT) acts as an autocrine/paracrine natriuretic hormone that inhibits salt and fluid reabsorption in the PT. In high-salt-treated animals, PT dopamine activity increases and inhibits reabsorption, leading to increased salt and fluid delivery to the macula densa (MD) and subsequent natriuresis and diuresis. Regulated cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the MD represents another intrinsic system mediating renal salt and water homeostasis. Renal cortical COX-2 is inversely related to salt intake, and decreased extracellular NaCl stimulates COX-2 expression in cultured MD/cortical thick ascending limb cells. The current study investigated interactions between renal dopamine and cortical COX-2 systems. In rats fed a control diet, the dopamine precursor l-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA) or the DA1 receptor agonist SKF-81297 suppressed cortical COX-2 expression. High salt suppressed cortical COX-2 expression, which was attenuated by inhibition of dopamine production with benserazide or the DA1 receptor antagonist, SCH-23390. In contrast, l-DOPA or the dopamine-metabolizing enzyme inhibitor entacapone suppressed low-salt-induced cortical COX-2 expression. Inhibition of PT reabsorption with the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide suppressed cortical COX-2 expression. In contrast, treatment with distally acting diuretics led to elevation of cortical COX-2. These results indicate that dopamine modulates renal cortical COX-2 expression by modifying PT reabsorption.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15613619
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"