Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Chemoprophylactic and bactericidal efficacy of 80 mg gentamicin in a single and once-daily dosing.

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the biodistribution, the chemoprophylactic, and the bactericide efficacy of 80-mg gentamicin single or once-daily dosing.

STUDY DESIGN: Ninety-six patients who had had cesarean section or gynecological surgery received 80 mg gentamicin for chemoprophylaxis. A second group of 92 patients with Gram-negative infection received once-daily 80-mg gentamicin intramuscularly, combined with cefoxitin or ceforanide, for 5 days. Gentamicin serum and tissue concentration was determined 1 h after the first administration.

RESULTS: The chemoprophylactic efficacy of gentamicin was 93.7%. The treatment efficacy was high in patients with chorioamnionitis and endometritis (92.9%), moderate in those with wound infection (69.5%), and less effective in those with septicemia (55.6%). Twenty-six percent of patients continued with antibiotics for infection control. The mean serum level was 4.48+/-0.49 and 5.56+/-0.66 microg/ml in obstetrical and gynecological patients respectively (p>0.05). Serum levels >4 microg/ml were achieved in 91% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS: A single dose of 80 mg gentamicin offers chemoprophylaxis and achieves therapeutic serum-concentrations 1 h after administration. The 5-day combination of once-daily 80 mg gentamicin with a second-generation cephalosporin is effective in patients with chorioamnionitis and endometritis, but only moderately effective in those with wound infections and septicemia.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app