[Italian Registry of Dialysis and Transplantation: 1996-2001 experience]

F Conte, G Cappelli, F Casino, M Postorino, G Quintaliani, M Salomone, A Di Napoli, A Limido, E Mancini, M Nordio, A Pinna, D Santoro, S Alloatti, G Bellinghieri, A Bonadonna, M Bonomini, G Colasanti, S Di Giulio, B Di Iorio, D Di Lallo, G Gaffi, L Gesualdo, F Locatelli, G Piccoli, F Quarello, P Riegler, M Salvadori, A Santoro, G Sparano, A Vasile
Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia 2004, 21 (6): 561-7
The Italian Registry of Dialysis and Transplantation (RIDT) was born in 1996 under the aegis of the Italian Society of Nephrology, and it is organized as a federation of regional registries. This study aimed to completely revise the epidemiological data collected during the first 5 yrs (1996-2001) of RIDT activity to evaluate the trends of the main epidemiological features. During this period, regional registries were not always able to assure complete and exhaustive information according to RIDT requirements, owing to different levels of organization and functioning. To avoid any possible error in data analysis, information inadequately assessed was refused. The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) in Italy has increased from 114 pmp in 1996 to 139 pmp in 2001, that means an increase of 3.5%/yr, corresponding to 5718 patients during 1996 and 8000 patients during 2001. Primary renal diseases (according to the EDTA) in incident ESRD patients are vascular and diabetic nephropathy. Main dialysis modality in incident patients was hemodialysis (HD) (85%), while peritoneal dialysis (PD) was only 15%; pre-emptive transplantation was a very unusual modality. The prevalence of ESRD patients at 31 December was 693 pmp in 1996 and 827 pmp in 2001; among dialysis patients, the corresponding rates were 575 pmp and 657 pmp, respectively. Consequently, the number of dialyzed patients increased, respectively, from 28892 to 37919. The prevalent dialysis modality was bicarbonate dialysis in 74% of cases, followed by hemodiafiltration (HDF) in 15%, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in 7% and APD in 3%. The gross mortality rate in dialyzed patients was stable during this period, at approximately 14%, the main causes of death being cardiovascular diseases and cachexia.

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