COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Intimate partner violence in China: national prevalence, risk factors and associated health problems

William L Parish, Tianfu Wang, Edward O Laumann, Suiming Pan, Ye Luo
International Family Planning Perspectives 2004, 30 (4): 174-81
15590383

CONTEXT: Intimate partner violence has been studied in many developed and developing countries. China remains one of the few large societies for which the prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence are unknown.

METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of women and men aged 20-64 with a spouse or other steady partner provide estimates of intimate partner violence in China. Binomial and multinomial logistic regression analyses adjusted for sample design examine risk factors and negative outcomes associated with partner violence.

RESULTS: Altogether, 34% of women and 18% of men had ever been hit during their current relationship; the prevalence of hitting resulting in bleeding, bruises, swelling, or severe pain and injuries was 12% for women and 5% for men. Significant risk factors for partner violence included sexual jealousy, patriarchal beliefs, low female contribution to household income, low male socioeconomic status, alcohol consumption and residence in regions other than the South and Southeast. Severe hitting was a significant risk factor for self-reported adverse general and sexual health outcomes, including sexual dysfunction, sexual dissatisfaction and unwanted sex.

CONCLUSIONS: As in other societies, intimate partner violence in China is common and is correlated with adverse general and sexual health outcomes.

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