Karyotypic evolution and tumor progression in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

Yuesheng Jin, Charlotte Jin, Mei Lv, Sai-Wah Tsao, Jingke Zhu, Johan Wennerberg, Fredrik Mertens, Yok-Lam Kwong
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 2005 January 1, 156 (1): 1-7
Cytogenetic analysis was performed on primary tumors, and paired recurrent or metastatic lesions, in 14 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), in order to identify chromosomal aberrations associated with tumor initiation and progression. Abnormal karyotypes were found in 12 of the 14 patients, with distinctive karyotypic similarities shown in all informative pairs. For individual patients, the degree of karyotypic complexity was similar for the primaries and paired recurrent or metastatic lesions. All 22 samples with clonal chromosomal aberrations displayed complex karyotypes with multiple numerical and unbalanced structural rearrangements, resulting in extensive genomic imbalances. The pathway of clonal evolution could be traced in a few patients, supporting the notion that some aberrations or imbalances, particularly partial or entire loss of 3p, i(8q), and homogeneously staining regions commonly mapping to 11q13, were early genetic events in the initiation of HNSCC.

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