Coexpression of preprotachykinin A and B transcripts in the bovine corpus luteum and evidence for functional neurokinin receptor activity in luteal endothelial cells and ovarian macrophages

Elke Brylla, Gabriela Aust, Maren Geyer, Ortrud Uckermann, Sabine Löffler, Katharina Spanel-Borowski
Regulatory Peptides 2005 February 15, 125 (1): 125-33
Nonneuronal cell sources of tachykinins, such as substance P (SP) and neurokinin B (NKB), have been demonstrated in leukocytes, endothelial cells and endocrine cells, and may play a role in corpus luteum (CL) development. For this reason, we analyzed mRNA presence for the two tachykinin precursors together with the neurokinin-1 receptor and the neurokinin-3 receptor (NK-1R and NK-3R, preferred by SP and NKB, respectively) in bovine CL at various stages in the luteal phase. Using the RT-PCR technique, we detected coexpression for the preprotachykinin A gene (PPT-A), which encodes SP and neurokinin A (NKA), and the preprotachykinin B gene (PPT-B) for NKB in the CL at the development, secretion and regression stages. Coexpression was also noted for NK-1R and NK-3R gene transcripts. Cultures of endothelial cells (ECs) derived from bovine CL expressed NK-1R and NK-3R mRNA, as did ovarian macrophages. Agonist treatment induced a stronger intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) increase after activation of NK-1R compared to NK-3R, a result that we verified by calcium imaging. This is the first evidence for functional tachykinin receptor activity in luteal ECs and ovarian macrophages from bovine CL.

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