JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation and aging

Alexander Bürkle, Sascha Beneke, Marie-Laure Muiras
Experimental Gerontology 2004, 39 (11-12): 1599-601
15582275
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is a DNA strand break-driven post-translational modification of proteins catalyzed by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), with NAD+ serving as substrate. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is triggered by DNA strand breaks, is functionally associated with DNA repair pathways and is a survival factor for cells under low to moderate levels of genotoxic stress. We have previously described a positive correlation between poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation capacity of mononuclear blood cells with longevity of mammalian species. Our comparison of purified recombinant human and rat PARP-1 revealed that this correlation might be explained in part by evolutionary sequence divergence. We have also developed molecular genetic approaches to modulate the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation status in living cells. Our results revealed that PARP-1 acts as a negative regulator of DNA damage-induced genomic instability, the latter being known as an important driving force for carcinogenesis. Our recent data obtained in transgenic mice with selective expression of a dominant negative version of PARP-1 in basal skin keratinocytes indicate that PARP-1 activity suppresses skin papilloma formation in a two-stage skin carcinogenesis protocol. It is tempting to speculate that increased poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation capacity in long-lived species might help retard the accumulation of DNA damage and of mutations and thus slow down the rate of aging and of carcinogenesis more efficiently as compared with short-lived animals.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15582275
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"