Impact of antiretroviral treatment on progression of hepatic fibrosis in HIV/hepatitis C virus co-infected patients

Eugènia Mariné-Barjoan, Marie-Christine Saint-Paul, Christian Pradier, Sylvie Chaillou, Rodolphe Anty, Jean-François Michiels, Christophe Sattonnet, Denis Ouzan, Pierre Dellamonica, Albert Tran et al.
AIDS 2004 November 5, 18 (16): 2163-70

BACKGROUND: The impact of immune reconstitution on liver fibrosis in HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients is unknown. In this case-control study, we investigated the impact of HIV infection on the severity of liver fibrosis and identified related factors.

METHODS: We studied 116 HIV/HCV patients and 235 HCV only patients all untreated for HCV. Each co-infected patient was matched with two singly-infected patients according to gender, age at contamination and duration of infection. Liver biopsy was analysed using the METAVIR score.

RESULTS: Alcohol consumption and route of contamination differed between HCV-infected and HCV/HIV co-infected patients. Among co-infected patients, a F3-F4 Metavir score was significantly more frequent than in mono-infected patients. Co-infected patients with severe fibrosis (F3-F4) had higher transaminase, ferritin levels and lower CD4 T-cell count than patients with none to moderate fibrosis (F0-F2). Although median duration of treatment with nucleoside analogues, non-nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors were comparable in both groups, the delay between the presumed date of contamination and treatment initiation with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was significantly longer for patients with severe fibrosis than those with none to moderate fibrosis. Finally, the mean rate of fibrosis progression was significantly slower among patients exposed to HAART.

CONCLUSION: Early antiretroviral therapy in co-infected HIV-HCV patients may slow liver fibrosis progression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"